Textile, leather and shoes
In the textile section we offer emulsions of paraffin and polyethylene waxes.
The waxes and wax emulsions form an important part of almost all the coating additives for the threads of the future fabric.
The waxes protect, strengthen and lubricate the threads during the weaving process. The benefits of using waxes include improving water resistance, reducing loose fibres and reducing friction and breakage.
Applying the wax emulsion either to the sewing thread or the fabric makes for more efficient sewing and minimises damage to the fabric. Wax emulsions are commonly used in combination with silicone oil emulsions.
Wax emulsions improve the performance of the finishing compounds, such as softeners, silicones and resins. The waxes provide properties to the fabric that improve its quality, such as better resistance to bending, abrasion, resistance to tearing or ease of sewing.
They are used as finishing aids for their properties of being able to pass from the solid to the liquid state in a range of achievable temperatures for ironing, polishing and shining.
They are used in the intermediate layers to reduce the hardness of the finishing film adapting it to the final touch required, and in the stiffening to provide a more or less waxy touch.
Depending on the type of wax used, we can regulate the gloss, touch or improve the behaviour of the film when ironing. To choose the wax we must take into account the melting point, which will give us an idea of its purity.
For example, for a leather that must be shined we should use a wax with a high melting point (80-85ºC) considering that the mechanical action of shining or polishing generates heat, which melts the wax, affecting its final shine.
If we need to achieve a thermoplastic finish, we must use waxes with a medium melting point (60-70ºC) so that they melt, achieving a better filling and separation of the iron. Excess wax produces bad adhesion between the finishing layers and above all causes bad adhesion to the lacquer.